From the attitude of 2015, it’s exhausting to think about simply how crude and insane the follow of medication used to truly be. At one level, docs was obsessive about “bleeding out illnesses.” They used blood letting and leeches to perform this objective.
One space of old style, medieval drugs that doesn’t get a lot consideration is the so-called urine wheel.
Earlier than the times of blood checks, and X-rays, docs relied upon pots of urine with the intention to diagnose sick folks. Their analysis was made after observing the colour, scent, and style of the affected person’s urine.
Medieval docs even had a helpful chart, the urine wheel (pictured above), to assist them. This chart contained 20 attainable colours of urine starting from “white as wellwater,” to “rudy as pure intense gold,” and “black as very darkish horn.” It was mentioned that King George III of England had purple urine.
So as to higher observe their sufferers’ urine, docs invented round-bottomed glass flasks. The picture of a physician holding up a urine flask got here to epitomize drugs on the time.
When docs have been diagnosing with the urine wheel, style and scent have been simply as essential as colour. For instance, in keeping with one English doctor, the urine of a diabetic tastes “‘splendidly candy as if it have been imbued with honey or sugar.”
One other model of the urine wheel.
The concept illnesses may very well be identified utilizing urine goes again to the writings of Galen, a Greco-Roman physician. Galen’s concepts drastically influenced medieval docs throughout this time.
(by way of: The Chirugeon’s Apprentice)
Fortunately for us, docs now not make their analysis based mostly on the colour, style, and scent of your urine. However they nonetheless make you pee in that tiny cup. So I suppose we’ve come a great distance, however not fairly far sufficient.