Satiric Verses in Sanskrit Language

In line with the Oxford Dictionary the which means of the phrase Satire is, “Using humor, irony, exaggeration or vices, notably within the context of latest politics and different topical points.

We all know very nicely that Benjamin Franklin was the primary to convey out cartoons to criticize the social happenings constructively. However in literature only a few such poems or verses can be found in a lot of the languages.

However in Sanskrit literature we discover lots of of satiric verses within the nice works of poets for the previous many centuries.

Take the case of son-in-law. Here’s a verse!

Extra oft than not he is crooked-true And ever and anon opposed too; In Virgin’s home he all the time stands And austere worship ever calls for, Associates! What ought to be this object Pshaw! A planet tenth, the son-in-law (Sanskrit verse translated by Dr Velluri Subba Rao).

Within the above verse the virgin’s home has two meanings. One is the home of the Virgin whom the son-in-law marries. The second which means is the Virgin’s home signifies the Virgo of the Zodiac. And rightly the son-in-law is known as because the tenth planet. Everyone usually fearfully worship the 9 planets particularly Solar, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Rahu and Kethu. Now we have now to fearfully respect the tenth planet additionally, the son-in-law.

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The poet drives his level in a satire method right here.

We’ve got one entire work of the nice poet Nilakantha Dikshita titled KaliVidambana containing 100 satiric verses in Sanskrit.

Nilakantha Dikshita lived within the seventeenth century. He was the son of Narayana Dikshitha and grandson of Accan Dikshita II, brother of the well-known poet Appaya Dikshita. He moved to the temple metropolis Madurai and the nice king Thirumalai Nayaka was drawn to him. He was the Prime Minister to this nice king. He was a prolific author. As many as eighteen works are identified to have been composed by him.

In Kalividambana we could benefit from the satiric verses on numerous social characters within the household and out of doors, in addition to quacks, docs, poetasters, astrologers and many others.

Adverting to the astrologers Nilakantha says that they’re very intelligent in decoding or forecasting issues. If a person asks in regards to the intercourse of the longer term youngster, the astrologer ought to reply {that a} son could be born: for a girl, the reply ought to be in favor of a daughter. That is the clue for the astrologer’s success.

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If one asks about one’s span of life, the reply ought to be that one would dwell for lengthy. By such a reply, those that are alive will naturally be happy. Even when the particular person involved dies, there isn’t any hurt as a result of those that are useless won’t ever ask the astrologer as to why prediction went fallacious.

Concerning the collectors, he says that even the God of demise waits for the time of demise to demand the lifetime of individuals; however there isn’t any time-limit no matter for the creditor to demand again the debt owed to him.

Coming to poets, with a slight dig on the indiscriminate descriptions of poets, he says that of their descriptions even blind males turn into lotus-eyed, misers turn into Kalpa timber (want full-filling timber) and even cowards turn into Vikramadidtyas (the king Vikramaditya is taken into account to be the best Heroic King in Indian historical past).

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It’s certainly an important pleasure to learn all of the hundred verses of Nilakantha. As soon as we come by way of such verses we are going to know that the satire shouldn’t be new to Indian literature. It’s as previous as that of Sanskrit language.



Source by Santhanam Nagarajan