Talakadu: The Temple Metropolis Devoured by Sand

Talakadu: The Temple City Devoured by Sand


The traditional metropolis of Talakadu located on the banks of the Kaveri river, about 45 km east of Mysore, was as soon as the capital of the Western Ganga dynasty which dominated over Karnataka in southern India a couple of thousand years in the past. The as soon as flourishing metropolis with over 30 temples now lies in ruins, devoured by sand when the Kaveri river shifted course. The lack of Talakadu is an unlucky ecological catastrophe, however there are various who imagine that an historic curse is guilty.

An excavated temple in Talakadu. Picture: badattidude.blogspot.com

The town of Talakadu was first talked about in connection to the Western Ganga dynasty, whose king Harivarman made Talakadu his capital in round 390 CE. The city’s origin shouldn’t be recognized, however in line with a preferred lore, Talakadu received its title from two Kirāta twin brothers, Tala and Kādu, who, after chopping down a tree they noticed wild elephants worshiping, found that it contained a picture of Lord Shiva, and that the elephants had been truly shape-shifting sages in disguise. The tree was then miraculously restored and the place was named Talakadu.

The Ganga dynasty which emerged in 345 CE after the autumn of the Ikshvakus of Nagarjunakonda initially had their capital in Kolar, earlier than King Harivarman moved it to ‘Talavanapura’ or present-day Talakadu. The dominion of the Gangas flourished in commerce and commerce and though their territory was small, the Gangas contributed enormously to polity, tradition and literature of the trendy south Karnataka area. The Ganga kings had been well-known for his or her patronage towards Jainism ensuing within the development of many Jain monuments and temples, of which little stay in the present day.

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Picture: badattidude.blogspot.com

The Western Ganga dynasty’s 600-year-rule got here to an abrupt finish in 1000 CE, following their defeat by the Cholas, and Talakadu was renamed ‘Rajarajapura’. In 1117, Vishnuvardhana, one of many biggest rulers of the Hoysala dynasty seized Talakadu from the Cholas and assumed the title of Talakadugonda, or ‘conqueror of Talakadu’. To have fun this achievement, he constructed the Keerthinarayana temple right here.

From the seventeenth century, the river started to shift and the city began to get buried below sand. Geologists imagine that it could have been brought on by the development of a dam simply north of town, within the 14th century. The dam might have triggered the water across the Kaveri river to turn out to be very shallow, exposing the sand beds. The south-westerly winds then carried the sand and deposited it on the previous city of Talakadu.

For the subsequent 200 years the sand dominated Talakadu, and the individuals uninterested in this uninvited intrusion merely moved away. A brand new city sprang up on the north. This sleepy little city is only a shadow of its older self, however in recent times, the brand new Talakadu has emerged because the epicenter of a number of the newest advances in horticulture and wine making. Sometimes called Bangalore’s Gourmand Valley, Talakadu now produces effective wines, unique recent produce, artisan cheese and different various culinary experiences.

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An excavated temple in Talakadu. Picture: miraclesofhinduism.blogspot.com

What triggered the sand dunes to immediately begin closing in on town has not been conclusively proved, however in line with a preferred folklore, it’s all due to a curse. The story of Talakadu’s well-known curse goes again to the seventeenth century when Tirumala Raya, the governor of the Vijayanagara Empire which then dominated Talakadu, got here to town to supply prayers within the temple of Vaidyēsvara within the hope that the divine grace of god will heal the incurable illness that he was affected by. Tirumala Raya left his spouse Alamelamma in control of governance whereas he was gone. However certainly one of Tirumala Raya’s dependencies, Raja Wadiyar of Mysore, noticed this as a chance and wrested energy from Alamelamma. He then chased Alamelamma to the banks of the river Kaveri, the place the queen threw herself into the waters to flee Raja Wadiyar’s goons. Earlier than she drowned, she uttered a three-fold curse:

Let Talakadu turn out to be sand; let Mālangi turn out to be a whirlpool; let the Mysore Rajas fail to beget heirs.

The windfall is claimed to have performed out—Talakadu received buried in sand, and Raja Wadiyar’s solely surviving son died depriving the rulers a inheritor to the throne.

However Raja Wadiyar was actually repentant. In his grief he had an idol of Alamelamma made in gold, put in it within the palace, and worshiped it as a deity. Alamelamma’s idol can nonetheless be discovered contained in the Mysore Palace.

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Picture: Bangaloregetaways

References:
# Temple tales, Deccan Herald
# Aditi Shah, Talakadu: A City Buried Below Kaveri’s Sands, Live History India
# Chitra Ramaswamy, By the river, within the sand, Deccan Herald
# Wikipedia



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