Circumcision is a medical procedure that removes the foreskin of the penis head, exposing the glans. Although its exact origin and intention are still being debated, when it has become common in the English-speaking world (19th century), it was actually used to reduce sexual pleasure and as a deterrent to masturbation, once thought to many mental and physical illnesses.
But the medical benefits of circumcision came into question in the 1960s, when the research community came out against it, saying that there was no clear medical benefit and the risk of severe blood loss, the infection or death was high. This resulted in a decrease in circumcised men. In the US, circumcision rates in hospitals fell by 64.5% in 1979 to 58.3% in 2010, but around the world, only about 33% of men are estimated to be circumcised.
- The first circumcisions may have been carried out 15,000 years ago.
- It is relatively common in the United States (U.S.) but less common in other western countries.
- Circumcision of a newborn takes 5 to 10 minutes.
- An adult circumcision procedure takes around 1 hour and recovery takes 2 to 3 weeks.
- Circumcision may reduce the risk of developing HIV and other health problems.
- Judaism, Islam, and a number of other religions advocate circumcision.