It is a temperature at which atom and light itself behave in highly unusual way.
At Wolfgang Ketterle’s lab, MIT, Cambridge.
Temperature achieved: −459.67∘F
, (810 trillionths of a degree F above absolute zero).
It holds the Guinness world record.
To get an idea of this temperature, you must know:
- The coldest Temperature in deep outer space is−455∘F.
- The coldest Temperature on Moon is−275∘F.
- The coldest Temperature on Mars is −243∘F.
Now imagine the chills Wolfgang Ketterle’s lab can give you.
The story behind this
Ketterle achieved this feat when he was actually trying to create a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC).
These condensates are formed when a cloud of atoms enters the same quantum state and behave homogeneously.
For his earlier achievements and fundamental study on condensates, he was awarded the Nobel prize in Physics 2001.