Water supply says : Stop saving so much water

Germans have been educated to save water, with good results. Water saving insanity makes Germany’s cities stink.

Action to save water
Action to save water

Toilets that have two flush buttons so that you have the option of using less water if there’s less to flush away is just one example.

However, the resulting reduced flow through the sewers has led to problems such as some materials not being transported away properly, germs multiplying, or gas forming.

The result: cities often use large quantities of water to flush out those sewers… often using drinking-quality water. Thus essentially negating the advantages of saving water.

Al Capone is the man behind milk expiration dates

Al Capone was a notorious gangster. He is associated with gangster activities in Chicago during 1920-1933 and prohibition. But what is not known about him is something we benefit from every day.

Courtesy of Al Capone
Mmilk expiration dates

The date on milk cartons showing the expiration date. Al Capone is the man behind this:

“In most cases, the expiration date is a date set by a dairy bottler based on the number of days the product will retain its flavor following processing, which typically includes pasteurization, based on standard refrigeration practices.

Why is milk dated? An unlikely answer to that can be found in, of all places, Alcatraz Island. During a tour of the former federal prison, a U.S. National Park ranger noted that Al Capone “lobbied for milk bottle dating to ensure the safety of the city’s children.”

Although Capone was sent to Alcatraz, it was for the white collar crime of evading taxes on the money he earned distributing alcohol, not for the numerous violent crimes attributed to him, such as the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre.

It was reported that one of Capone’s family members in Chicago became ill from drinking expired milk. At that time, there were no controls on milk production, neither expiration dates nor controls on adulteration, dilution or skimming of the cream.

This drew Capone’s interest to the milk business, and he saw several things: the milk distribution business had a shady character – and Capone was comfortable with shady businesses; he didn’t like to see people, especially children sickened by adulterated milk; he saw a potentially high profit in milk distribution; and with Prohibition soon to end, he had a fleet of trucks that could easily be used to transport milk.

Capone took two steps to move into the milk business. One was to acquire a milk processor, Meadowmoor Dairies. The other was to have the Chicago City Council pass a law requiring a visible date stamped on milk containers.

On the second item, it was likely that Capone had already cornered the market on equipment to stamp expiration dates on bottles, and the passage of the legislation would help him take over the Chicago milk market.”

Drunk proof and strong passwords

You know how to create a strong password. There are millions of article on tips of creating strong password.

drunk password

It is very easy to spit out your password when you are drunk. Someone can just ask you for your password and you can just say it to them. How do you prevent such a situation?

Here we will discuss a method to make your password drunk-proof. This method will not only ensure that no one can take password from you when you are drunk, but it will also obey all the advanced rules of creating a strong, brute-force-proof password. This simple method will also create a different password for each of your accounts. And the biggest advantage of all – you don’t have to remember a single password nor you have to use any other tools like password manager. Yes, that’s right, you don’t have to remember a single password nor you have to use any other tools. And that is the main funda here, no one on the earth knows your password, not even you.

Basics of password analysing:

There are two types of passwords, those that are easy to remember such as “john29” and those that rely on obscurity such as “52jEn$” the first is less secure as it falls for a dictionary attack (trying words from the dictionary with numbers randomly around it). The rest relies on a bruteforce attack (randomly trying every possible password) as one can best guess it through random chance. A brute force attack can get any password even one generated in this way in the same amount of time as an equally strong (strong being a function of length and the size of the character pool). Technically using this would be weaker if and only if someone knows you use this algorithm or a closely related one. Because if they knew that they can generate (for a n length domain) n characters of your password in 26 tries, rather than (assuming case sensitive alphanumeric) 62^n tries. And if you just your birthday they know there’s at least 4 digits and if they know your birthday it lowers it significantly. Then it’s a matter of putting random characters in random spots. While it still is very large, it’s smaller than if it’s fully random.

But really the benefit is it’s easier to remember than a fully unique password for every website and since a strong majority of pw attacks will be focused on 1 or 2 sites which means making a program just to crack this algorithm isn’t worth it, meaning they’d jsut use brute force which makes it just as secure. Then you also have the benefits mentioned above.

Basically it is less secure if you make a cracker based on this algorithm and you know they follow this algorithm, but obscurity means it’s just as secure in terms of cracking. AKA less on paper, just as in practice